Personal Injury Actions between Spouses
When spouses commit torts against each other, a cause of action may or may not be available to the injured spouse. It depends upon the jurisdiction and the type of injury.
In order to win a personal injury action, a plaintiff must prove that a defendant's negligence caused the plaintiff's injuries. In negligence law, there are two types of causation: (1) "cause in fact"; and (2) "proximate cause." The plaintiff must prove both types of causation.
Rules Regarding Road Signs and Markings
A state transportation department has the duty to place and maintain appropriate signs, signals, and other traffic control devices on highways that are under its jurisdiction. The state transportation department also has the duty to place and maintain signs, signals, and other traffic control devices that are in accordance with the state's vehicle or transportation code.
Action by a Parent for a Tort against His or Her Child
In accordance with general tort principles, a person who injures a child through his or her tortious conduct is liable to the child for the child's damages. A parent who is entitled to the child's services or who has a legal duty to provide medical treatment for the child is also entitled to damages from the person for the person's tortious conduct towards the child.
Defenses to Actions Involving Recreational Boating Accidents
When a plaintiff files a lawsuit regarding a recreational boating accident, the defendant may claim defenses that are similar to those available in any other accident case. Such defenses include that the accident was inevitable, that the plaintiff was contributorily negligent or assumed the risk, that there was a superseding cause, or that the plaintiff's action is barred by the doctrine of laches or by a statute of limitations.